MANAMA — Bahrain’s key political players began a new round of talks on Sunday to try to resolve the kingdom’s two-year crisis, after opposition groups made a last-minute decision to join a national dialogue.
Participants gathered at a tourist resort south of Manama, where the first session of the dialogue — which will convene three times a week — were being held behind closed doors, an AFP correspondent said.
Taking part were 27 government representatives, including three ministers, eight members of the opposition, and members of pro-governmental Sunni political groups.
The kingdom has been in political deadlock since February 2011 and a similar round of talks failed that year, with the government of Bahrain, which is home to the US Fifth Fleet, making no political concessions to the opposition.
“We will decide today if we will continue to take part in the dialogue based on the response to the nine points,” on which the opposition is seeking clarification from the government, said opposition representative Munira Fakhro.
The kingdom’s opposition groups, including the major Shiite bloc, Al Wefaq, met hours before the talks opened, announcing that they agreed to attend the opening session.
“The opposition will attend Sunday’s session to discuss the nine points,” leading opposition member Hasan Aali told reporters after a meeting at Al Wefaq headquarters.
“For us, the talks haven’t yet started,” said Fakhro. “These are only preparatory meetings so we could decide whether or not we’ll take part in the actual dialogue.”
In the first session, participants were to discuss the agenda and the mechanisms of dialogue.
The opposition had welcomed the talks but also said that an agreement on the mechanism of the planned talks should be agreed in advance and the results of the talks be put to a referendum and not be submitted to King Hamad for approval.
The opposition has repeatedly said it is ready for meaningful talks, but has stuck to its demands for a real constitutional monarchy with an elected premier.
Prime Minister Sheikh Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa, an uncle of King Hamad, has been in office since 1971.
The dialogue was launched amid daily opposition protests to mark the second anniversary of the uprising against the Sunni monarchy that erupted on February 14, 2011.
Opposition supporters have been demonstrating for more than a week ahead of the anniversary.