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Migrant arrivals to Italy by sea fall by a third in 2017

Libyan authorities help to slow departures of migrants

By Reuters - Dec 31,2017 - Last updated at Dec 31,2017

Migrants on a wooden boat are rescued by the crew of the German NGO Jugend Rettet ship ‘Juventa’ in the Mediterranean sea off the Libyan coast on June 18, 2017 (Reuters photo)

ROME — Migrant arrivals to Italy by sea fell by a third in 2017 compared to a year earlier, the interior ministry said on Sunday, as Libyan authorities helped to slow departures during the second half of the year.

More than 119,000 came to Italy by boat this year after a record 181,000 made the crossing in 2016, the ministry said in a statement. Since July, arrivals have declined by more than two thirds versus a year earlier.

“We were able to govern the flow because we were the first to believe that an agreement with Libya was a turning point,” Interior Minister Marco Minniti said in an interview with Corriere della Sera, commenting on the decline.

In February, Italy signed an agreement with the United Nations-backed government in Tripoli, promising aid, equipment and training in exchange for its help in fighting people smuggling. The deal was endorsed by the European Union.

Since then, armed groups supported by the Tripoli government have forced smugglers in the city of Sabratha — a key hub on the western coast — to stop sending out boats. Italy has also bolstered the Libyan coastguard’s ability to turn back boats.

But rights groups and humanitarian organisations operating rescue ships in the Mediterranean have criticised the policy, saying that it traps migrants in a country where they face appalling treatment, including rape, torture and forced labour. 

While criticised by some, the figures are considered good news for the ruling Democratic Party (PD) ahead of a national election in March. More than 600,000 migrants have reached Italy by boat over the past four years, making immigration a hot-button political issue. 

More than 20,000 are estimated to have died attempting the crossing to Italy, the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) estimates, making it the deadliest border for migrants in the world.


But deaths at sea have declined as well, according to the IOM, with 2,833 this year, down more than 38 per cent from 4,581 last year. 

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