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Biden’s plan to stop the war between Israeli rejection and acceptance of the resistance ‘Hamas’

Jun 13,2024 - Last updated at Jun 28,2024

Biden’s plan to stop the war on Gaza relies on a comprehensive approach divided into stages aimed at achieving a sustainable ceasefire, prisoner exchange and the withdrawal of Israeli forces from populated areas in Gaza, in addition to facilitating the entry of humanitarian aid.

The success of this plan depends on several factors and the acceptance of the fait accompli by the concerned parties. If Hamas agrees to the proposal presented in a way that suits and serves the interests of the Palestinian people and begins implementing the obligations required of it, this could be a good start for achieving peace.

Also, the acceptance of the plan by the leadership of the Israeli occupation government without additional military escalation could contribute to the successful implementation of the plan, and analysing the limits of acceptance and rejection for each party requires consideration of the main demands and fears of both the Hamas movement and the Israeli occupation government.

Regarding the Hamas movement, the limits of acceptance are the release of Palestinian prisoners and Hamas will consider the release of hundreds of Palestinian prisoners, especially women and children, as a positive step that could increase its popularity and support among the Palestinians.

The withdrawal of Israeli forces from the populated areas in Gaza is considered an important goal for Hamas because it strengthens its control over the Gaza Strip, and the entry of humanitarian aid, up to 600 trucks per day, will strengthen its control and presence as an authority over others.

As for the limits of Hamas’ rejection, Hamas may face difficulty in ensuring a complete ceasefire considering the presence of other armed factions in Gaza that may not abide by the agreement.

As for the issue of exchanging living prisoners, Hamas may refuse to hand over all living prisoners, especially Israeli soldiers, unless it obtains major concessions from Israel.

As for the limits of acceptance and rejection of the Israeli occupation government, the limits of acceptance are the release of Israeli prisoners and the release of Israeli soldiers and civilians detained by Hamas, which is considered a primary goal of the Israeli government, and the withdrawal of Israeli forces, if the Israeli leadership sees that withdrawal from populated areas can take place without major security risks, it may agree on this, especially within the framework of a comprehensive agreement.

As for the sustainable cessation of hostilities, achieving it, i.e. a “sustainable cessation of hostilities”, could be widely accepted in Israel because it will provide greater safety for citizens.

As for the limits of the occupation government’s rejection, the terms of the ceasefire may be ambiguous, and the Israeli occupation government may reject any conditions that it considers unrealistic or unachievable, especially regarding security guarantees.

Also, if many Palestinian prisoners are released, there may be internal opposition to the release of hundreds of Palestinian prisoners, especially if they include individuals involved in attacks against Israelis.

But on the other hand, there are common challenges, which are ensuring the implementation of commitments for both parties, and they may face challenges in ensuring the implementation of private commitments considering mutual lack of trust.

Regional influences also come into play, and the intervention of regional parties or the escalation of tensions in other places (such as the Lebanese border) may negatively affect the implementation of the plan.

The success of the plan requires flexibility from both parties, strong international guarantees, and a willingness to make mutual concessions to achieve sustainable peace and improve the humanitarian conditions in Gaza.

As for mediation efforts, the State of Qatar plays a pivotal role in mediating between Hamas and Israel thanks to its good relations with the various parties to the conflict and works to convey proposals and contribute to calming the situation.

For its part, the United States is doing its part to contribute to supporting the plan by exerting diplomatic pressure on Israel and ensuring Its commitment to the agreement, as well as providing political and economic support to achieve stability in the region.

International guarantees for the parties concerned can be an influential factor in achieving mutual trust through monitoring, implementation, and the establishment of international mechanisms to monitor the implementation of the ceasefire and the parties’ commitment to the terms of the agreement and provide guarantees to protect civilians and vital areas in Gaza from any future escalation. Providing political and economic support to enhance confidence by providing the necessary support for reconstruction and achieving economic stability in the region.

In the end, the success of the plan depends on the concerted international and regional efforts, and the commitment of the parties concerned to implement the agreed upon items.

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