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Hamas agrees to steps towards Palestinian unity

Previous attempts to resolve split have repeatedly failed

By AFP - Sep 18,2017 - Last updated at Sep 18,2017

GAZA CITY, Palestinian Territories — Hamas said Sunday it had agreed to steps towards resolving a decade-long split with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fateh, announcing it would dissolve a body seen as a rival government and was ready to hold elections.

The statement comes after Hamas leaders held talks with Egyptian officials last week, and with the Gaza Strip run by the Palestinian Islamist movement facing a mounting humanitarian crisis.

Hamas said it had agreed to key demands made by Fateh: dissolving the so-called "administrative committee" created in March, while saying it was ready for elections and negotiations towards a unity government.

It called on the Palestinian Authority government based in the Israeli-occupied West Bank "to come to Gaza to exercise its functions and carry out its duties immediately".

Hamas chief Ismail Haniya agreed to take such steps in talks with Egyptian officials in Cairo last week, a Hamas official has told AFP.

It was unclear, however, whether the steps would result in further concrete action towards ending the deep division with Fateh.

Hamas for now continues to run a de facto separate administration in the Gaza Strip and is in charge of the security forces there.

Previous attempts to resolve the split have repeatedly failed.

Abbas' Fateh welcomed the announcement, saying it followed "extensive meetings" between its own representatives and Egyptian intelligence officials.

Fateh official Azzam Al Ahmad said a bilateral meeting with Hamas would be organised to begin working out a way forward.

"There will be tangible practical steps in the next few days, starting with the Palestinian national unity government resuming its work according to law in Gaza as it does in the West Bank, in order to continue its efforts to relieve the suffering of our people in the strip and work towards lifting the unjust blockade," Ahmad told official Palestinian news agency Wafa.

The Gaza Strip has been under an Israeli blockade for around a decade, while its border with Egypt has also remained largely closed in recent years.

Abbas is currently in New York for the UN General Assembly meeting, where he is set to speak on Wednesday.

 

No elections since 2006 

 

UN Middle East envoy Nickolay Mladenov said: “I welcome the recent statement by Hamas announcing the dissolving of the administrative committee in Gaza and agreement to allow the government of national consensus to assume its responsibilities in Gaza.”

 “It is critical that the grave humanitarian situation in Gaza, most notably the crippling electricity crisis, be addressed as a priority.”

 In Sunday’s statement, Hamas spoke of the “dissolution” of the administrative committee, which was seen as a rival government to Abbas’ administration.

Hamas formed the committee in March, and since then Abbas has sought to put further pressure on the Islamist movement, reducing electricity payments for the Gaza Strip among other measures.

Hamas has run Gaza since 2007, having seized it in a near civil war from Fateh following a dispute over parliamentary elections won by the Islamist movement the previous year.

The West Bank and Gaza have not participated in an election together since 2006.

Abbas, whose term was meant to end in 2009, has remained in office with no election held.

The Gaza Strip has meanwhile faced deteriorating humanitarian conditions, including a severe electricity crisis and a lack of clean water.

The coastal enclave of some 2 million people also has one of the world’s highest unemployment rates.

Facing those conditions, Hamas has turned to Egypt for assistance, particularly for fuel to produce power — and has faced pressure to take steps towards Palestinian reconciliation in return.

Israel says its blockade is necessary to stop Hamas from obtaining weapons or materials that could be used to make them.

During a visit to the strip in August, UN chief Antonio Guterres called for the blockade to be lifted, saying Gaza was enduring “one of the most dramatic humanitarian crises” he had seen.

 

Hamas has sought to soften its image recently, though last month its Gaza head, Yahya Al Sinwar, said the movement had increased its military capabilities thanks to newly improved relations with Iran, Israel’s archenemy.

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